Magical Religions and Spiritual Paths

What is a Wicca Religion & its Traditions

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By Morningbird

Wicca is a modern Pagan mystery religion that was introduced to the public in the 1950s by Gerald Gardner. It combines traditional British folk magic beliefs with early 20th-century hermetic ritual practices into a dynamic whole.

Much of its folkloric history is based on the work of Archaeologist Margaret Murray. Wicca is a Witchcraft tradition, meaning Wiccans are taught and encouraged to practice Witchcraft as part of their spiritual experience and religious expression.

Who is a Wiccan?

The word Wiccan used as a noun refers to an individual that belongs to the religion Wicca. As an adjective, the word Wiccan is used to describe anything relating to Wicca.

For example, a Wiccan ritual, a Wiccan altar, a Wiccan esbat, a Wiccan Sabbat, the Wiccan Wheel of the Year. Wicca itself is occasionally described as “the Wiccan religion”.

For an exceptionally redundant example: “Stacy is a Wiccan, she discovered Wicca 10 years ago and joined our Wiccan coven last month.”

Wiccan Traditions

Many Wiccan traditions and offshoots of the original came into being as new covens were formed. Each Wiccan coven is an autonomous unit led by a High Priest and/or High Priestess and specific beliefs and practices differ between covens.

Generally, Wiccans are dualists and honor a God and a Goddess who exist cooperatively. In some cases, these are two parts of the same being.

All other Gods and Goddesses are different aspects of this God and Goddess. There are some variations on this. The Goddess is usually identified as the three-part “Maiden, Mother, Crone” Goddess who advances through these three life stages as the year progresses.

She is associated with the moon and magick. The God, often identified as the Horned God, is associated with wild places, animals and death. He is at various points throughout the year her child, then her lover and then he dies and the cycle begins again.

Wiccan moral and value system is summed up by The Wiccan Rede, though many people disagree on the interpretation of certain parts of it. Some covens still abide by The Old Laws, but some do not.

Wiccans gather at defined times during the year. An Esbat is a gathering that takes place on a monthly basis, usually during the full moon.

A Sabbat is a special feast day, a holiday. Wiccans celebrate 8 of these. The Wiccan liturgical calendar is often referred to as The Wheel of the Year.

More Information

Websites

Books

These selections offer a look at a few of the different flavors of Wicca.

SaleBestseller No. 1
Wicca: A Guide for the Solitary Practitioner
6,666 Reviews
Wicca: A Guide for the Solitary Practitioner
  • Cunningham’s classic introduction to Wicca is about how to live life magically, spiritually, and wholly attuned with nature.
  • Scott Cunningham (Author)
Bestseller No. 2
Wicca Spellbook Starter Kit: A Book of Candle, Crystal, and Herbal Spells (Wicca Starter Kit Series)
4,866 Reviews
SaleBestseller No. 3
Green Witchcraft: A Practical Guide to Discovering the Magic of Plants, Herbs, Crystals, and Beyond
16,519 Reviews
SaleBestseller No. 5
Earth, Air, Fire & Water: More Techniques of Natural Magic (Llewellyn's Practical Magick Series)
1,208 Reviews
Earth, Air, Fire & Water: More Techniques of Natural Magic (Llewellyn’s Practical Magick Series)
  • Handbook of contemporary folk magic
  • More than 75 spells, rituals and ceremonies
Bestseller No. 6
Leather Celtic Tree of Life Book of Shadows Blank Spell Book Wicca
5,367 Reviews
Leather Celtic Tree of Life Book of Shadows Blank Spell Book Wicca
  • Leather Embossed journal
  • pocket sized 3 1/2″ x 5″ pages made from premium quality handmade linen paper
Bestseller No. 7
Wicca for Beginners: A Guide to Wiccan Beliefs, Rituals, Magic & Witchcraft (The Mystic Library Book 2)
969 Reviews
Bestseller No. 8
Wicca World Bible 2023: Everything you Need to Know about the World of Witches and the Practices of Spells using Herbs, Crystals, and Candles
500 Reviews
Bestseller No. 9
Wicca for Beginners: Wiccan Traditions and Beliefs, Witchcraft Philosophy, Practical Magic, Candle, Crystals and Herbal Rituals
647 Reviews
Bestseller No. 10
Wicca Starter Kit: Wicca for Beginners, Finding Your Path, and Living a Magical Life (Wicca Starter Kit Series)
1,712 Reviews

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Written by Morningbird & Witchipedia Team

I have been practicing magick alone and with family and friends for over 30 years. As a founder and lead writer on Witchipedia, I’ve been publishing articles since 2006.

It is our mission to provide the most accurate Pagan, occult and magical information.

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