Magical Religions and Spiritual Paths

What is the Alchemy: Etymology & History

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By Morningbird

Alchemy is both a spiritual and magical practice and a philosophy. Its aim is famously to achieve immortality but also to achieve wisdom through the transformation of both the alchemist and the substances he manipulates.

Table of Contents

Etymology

The world Alchemy may have come from the Old French alkemie or the Arabic al-kimia Greek khemeioa

The Greek khymatos is likely the oldest. It means “that which is poured out” and is related closely to khymos meaning “juice, sap” and referred to the earliest pharmaceutical industry which was concerned with mixing together plants to make medicines.

The word Khemia was an old name for Egypt meaning “land of the black Earth”. There may or may not be a connection between this name and the word Alchemy.

History

There is some disagreement among historians as to whether Alchemy originated in Persia, Egypt, Greece, India or China. All of these regions had something that would be recognizable as Alchemy before they regularly spent time in each others’ company.

According to the prevailing lore; What has come to be formally recognized as alchemy was codified in ancient Egypt around 1900 BCE by an Egyptian king called Hermes Trismegistus by the Greeks.

He is credited with many works on the subject, but the Emperor Diocletian of the Holy Roman Empire> is said to have destroyed most of them in the 3rd century AD.

The remaining are but 3 works: The Emerald Tablet, The Asclepian Dialogues, and The Divine Pymander.

Additional looks at ancient Greco-Egyptian alchemy, written by a number of different authors, can be found in the Greek Magical Papyri and in the Alchemy section of Sacred-text.com

Written by Morningbird & Witchipedia Team

I have been practicing magick alone and with family and friends for over 30 years. As a founder and lead writer on Witchipedia, I’ve been publishing articles since 2006.

It is our mission to provide the most accurate Pagan, occult and magical information.

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