February: Folklore, Moons, Symbols & Correspondences


By Morningbird

February is the second month of the year according to the Julian Calendar and the Gregorian Calendar and it is the shortest month of the year, having only 28 days in common years and 29 days in leap years.

Those born in the first part of February are born under the sign of Aquarius while those born in the latter part of the month are born under the sun sign Pisces.

The name February comes from the ancient Roman Februarius. According to the Ancient Roman Calendar, February was the last month of the year, except when it was occasionally followed by Intercalaris, a month of variable length periodically added to the end of the year to keep the seasons properly aligned.

The name Februarius comes from Februa, meaning “to cleanse”.

Other names for February

  • Old English Solmonath “cake month” or kalemonath (for cabbage)
  • Finnish helmikuu “month of the pearl” referring to melted droplets that refreeze and look like pearls
  • Polish luty month of ice
  • Ukrainian лютий month of ice
  • Macedonian sechko month of cutting wood
  • Czech únor month of submerging (river ice)
  • Croatian veljača (possibly) month of increase
  • Sloven vesnar for Vesna or svečan which referenced Candlemas

Some February Folklore

Borrowed Days

The days of February 12th through the 14th were said to be borrowed from the month of January and so it was expected that the weather should be cold and January-like. Stormy winter weather on these days foretold fair weather for the rest of the year.

But if these days are pleasant, or indeed if any days in February are too pleasant, it didn’t bode well for the weather the rest of the year.

More weather lore

If the weather be fine and frosty at the start of February, there is more winter ahead than behind.

When the cat lies in the sun in February, she will hide behind the stove in March.

Cursed be a fair February.

If February has much snow, a fine summer it doth foreshow.

If there be thunder in February, there will be frost in April

“If Candlemas Day be fair and bright,
Winter will have another flight
But if it be dark with clouds and rain,
Winter is gone, and will not come again.”

If Candlemas be fair and clear, there’ll be two winters in the year.

And, of course, it takes a nice day for a groundhog to see his shadow.

Then again

A wet February, A wet Spring

(not such a bad thing)

The Moon in February

A new moon falling in February will be either in the sign of Aquarius, in the first half of the month or the sign of Pisces after about the 21st.

A full moon falling in February may be called The Full Snow Moon, The Storm Moon, The Full Quickening Moon, The Full Ice Moon or the Full Hunger Moon and it will be in the sign of either Leo or Virgo.

Symbols and Correspondences for February

Flower: viola, primrose, snowdrop
Gemstone: amethyst
Gods and Goddesses: Sjofn, Mars, Juno, Brigid, Diana, Apollo

Important Dates in February

Note: Seasonal holidays celebrated in February in the Northern Hemisphere are often celebrated in August in the Southern Hemisphere.

  • Imbolc in the Northern Hemisphere, Lughnassadh in the Southern Hemisphere
  • Candlemas
  • Februa: February 15th or the first full moon after the lunar new year
  • Valentine’s Day February 14th
  • Valisblot
  • Lupercalia
  • Parentalia
  • Quirinalia
  • Equirria
  • Fornacalia
Written by Morningbird & Witchipedia Team

I have been practicing magick alone and with family and friends for over 30 years. As a founder and lead writer on Witchipedia, I’ve been publishing articles since 2006.

It is our mission to provide the most accurate Pagan, occult and magical information.

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