Saturn is the ruling planet of Capricorn and, traditionally, Aquarius. In Roman lore, Saturn was the god of agriculture founder of civilizations and of social order and conformity. The glyph is most often seen as scythe-like but it is primarily known as the “crescent below the cross”, whereas Jupiter’s glyph is the “crescent above the cross”. The famous rings of the planet Saturn that enclose and surround it, reflect this principle of man’s limitations. Saturn takes 29.5 years to orbit the sun, spending about 2.46 years in each sign of the zodiac.
Astrologically Saturn is associated with the principles of limitation, restrictions, boundaries, practicality and reality, crystallizing and structures. Saturn governs ambition, career, authority and hierarchy, and conforming social structures. It concerns a person’s sense of duty, discipline and responsibility, and their physical and emotional endurance during hardships. Saturn is also considered to represent the part of a person concerned with long-term planning. The Return of Saturn is said to mark significant events in each person’s life. According to the first-century poet Manilius, Saturn is sad, morose, and cold and is the greater malefic. In medicine, Saturn presides over the skeletal system, skin, teeth, gall bladder, spleen, and vagus nerve. Saturn symbolized processes and things which were dry and extremely cold and was therefore inimical to life. It governed the melancholic humor.
Before the discovery of Uranus, Saturn was universally regarded as the ruling planet of Aquarius. Many astrologers still use Saturn as the planetary ruler of both Capricorn and Aquarius; in modern astrology, it is accordingly the ruler of the 10th and 11th houses. Traditionally, however, Saturn was associated with the 1st and 8th houses (1st house = incarnation, 8th house = death; Saturn being the planet of mortality, and hence, why the Grim Reaper carries a scythe). Saturn was also said to ‘joy’ in the 12th house of self-undoing.
In Chinese astrology, Saturn is ruled by the element earth, which is patient, hard-working and reliable. In Indian astrology, Saturn is called Shani or “Sani”, and represents career and longevity. It is also the bringer of bad luck and hardship.
Saturn is the highest planet in the hierarchy of planets (of those known to the ancients) and thus the closest to the Gods and thus associated with immortality and longevity. Saturn’s energy is that of the ruler, one in charge. Saturn energy is that of law and order, rules, boundaries, and all things inevitable, death, taxes, fate, evolution.
Saturn is associated with Saturday, which was named after the deity Saturn. Some associate the planet Saturn with the Crone Goddess archetype.
Herbs that correspond to the planetary energy of Saturn tend to be those that thrive in places where other herbs would struggle to survive – dry, barren soil, or areas that receive little sun. Saturn plants thrive in adversity and maybe grow where we don’t expect or want them. They are often dark in color with blue or purple flowers, though many Saturn plants are somewhat unattractive in appearance and odor.
Saturn Minerals are heavy and dark.